Hypoglycemia, (the medical term for low
blood sugar) is a condition resulting in a drastic, sudden drop
in the level of blood sugar in puppies. Hypoglycemia is
usually found in tiny yorkies or under weight puppies brought on
by poor diet, lack of food consumption, stress, infections or
parasites in some form. Hypoglycemia usually occurs in
puppies from 2 to 5 months of age but can occur in mature toy
breeds when they are subjected to stress.
A yorkie puppy will appear limp and
lifeless. The gums and tongue will lack pink pigment.
Often the eyes are unfocused and unresponsive. Temperature will
drop below normal, the puppy could be shivering and trembling in
the early stages. As condition worsens, puppies either go into a
coma or convulsions.
Signs are weakness, confusion, wobbly
gait, frothing or drooling, possible seizure,. Gums will be
tacky and appear pale, a grayish white in color rather than a
healthy bright pink, Yorkie puppies can go into shock if not
cared for properly and promptly.
1. Over-handling your puppies, not
allowing them enough rest and sleep.
2. Puppy refuses to eat for over a period of 8 hours.
3. Change of home environment and or food.
4. Any related stress due to travel - trips to the vet, groomers
(regular outings should be limited until five to six months
5. Exposure to low room temperatures for a period of time.
6. Poor diet.
7. Bacterial Infections, (coccidosis or intestinal parasites) Coccidia is a protozoan infection that many
puppies and adult
dogs carry that usually their appetite, not ingesting the needed daily
nutrition. This weakens the puppy's natural immune system allowing Coccidia to rapidly multiply in
the intestinal track which if left
untreated can cause serious illness and trigger
puppy should sleep 80% of the day without being disturbed, never
wake a sleeping
puppy, puppies need a regular schedule of rest, meals, play and
potty. Never give a baby puppy
full run of your home, they will forget where their food and
water is located; It is always
recommended to confine them in a small area (example; kitchen
and family room until they learn
their way around memorizing where their food source, water and
pee pads are located)
Hypoglycemia is usually first
triggered by yorkie puppies not eating or not being offered
or high calorie food. Any significant stress, such as change in
homes, a routine trip to the vet's
daily outings, absence of a recent meal, lack of rest or
improper nutrition can cause the blood
sugar to drop to dangerously low levels. Because of their tiny
size Yorkshire Terrier puppies cannot
ingest enough in on to two feedings a day; yorkie puppies should
be fed several times a day and
a high quality diet.
Low environmental temperatures,
infection, parasites, vaccinations, strenuous exercise such as
being "played with" by young children who do not allow the puppy
adequate rest time, inadequate
nutrition increase the risk even further.
The level of the blood sugar must be
raised at once and the stress condition treated. Nutri-Drops
1/4 cc per lb or Nutrical should be administered immediately (do
not repeat Nutri-Drops they are
fast acting drops that will last for 12 hours). If your using
Nutrical place about 2" on your finger
and wipe it on the roof of the mouth or tongue, repeat in 10 min
intervals if needed. In a pinch
white karo syrup or honey, rubbed on the tongue and roof
of the mouth several times over an hour
will combat the first symptoms once alert the active feed wet
food or baby rice cereal mixed with
baby food and a bit of karo mixed. Do not combine any of the
above1 Always make fresh wateravailable.
Warmth is essential, puppies in the
progressive stages of hypoglycemia rapidly loses body
temperature. A temperature that falls below 90 degrees usual
result is coma. The increase in sugar
(Nutrical, Nutri-Drops or Karo) and feeding will begin to raise
the puppy's temperature, once fed.
Wrap the puppy in a fleece blanket or use a heating pad. Keep
the puppy warm and calm until full
Feeding recommendations for yorkie
puppies at risk for hypoglycemia include: frequent (4-5 times
a day) feedings of high-carbohydrate, high-protein and or fatty
foods. Feeding soft moist foods
may help prevent a hyppglycemia attack due to the high sugar
content. As a preventative add 1 tsp.
White Karo syrup to warm water, allow this to be their daily
Hypoglycemia usually affects tiny pups,
under weight puppies, puppies weaned too early or placed
before 12 weeks, most outgrow it at 4 - 6 months of age. Puppies
with estimated adult weight
under 4 lbs are at higher risk of occurrence and may have
several episodes throughout their
lifetime. Always pay careful attention to the diet of any Tiny
Suggested thing to have on hand
We prefer Nurti-Drops (only available
online - Nurti-Drops ordering) over nutrical (available at
Pestsmart, petco or pets stores. also vet's carry it.
White Karo Syrup
Chicken or beef pureed baby food
Baby rice cereal
Pedialyte or Rebound -for dehydration
More Yorkshire Terrier
health related information -